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Mechanism for the Formation of Millimeter-Long Solid Filaments by Spin Coating Dilute Solutions of a Crystallizable Polymer

Da Huang, Thorsten Hugel, and Günter Reiter. Macromolecules, published online

huang.jpgWe have investigated the formation of millimeter-long filaments induced by spin-coating ca. 130 °C dilute para-xylene solutions of rapidly crystallizable polyethylene chains with a contour length in the micrometer range onto ca. 80 °C mica substrates. These filaments were radially oriented and accumulated on the periphery of the substrate. Our observations can be explained by the stretching of polymers through the flow field induced by spinning the solution on a solid substrate. The corresponding loss in conformational entropy emphasized attractive interactions between polymers, which resulted in the formation of bundles and their assembly into long filaments. Caused by a Plateau–Rayleigh-type instability of a liquid coating on a solid filament and due to crystallization, these filaments were decorated with various small-scale structures. (more...)


Competing influences of cooling rate and diluent concentration on crystallization of poly(3-hexylthiophene)

Mina Alizadehaghdam, Farhang Abbasi, Günter Reiter. J. Phys. Chem. C 128 (2024) 4757–4765

mina.jpgCrystallization of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) was studied in mixtures of different concentrations of 3-hexylthiophene (3HT) as a diluent. Two coexisting crystal populations, socalled “thin” and “thick” crystals, with melting temperatures differing by more than 10 °C were observed in these mixtures. Intriguingly, the “thick” crystals represented transient unstable structures, with a mass fraction that was the highest ФH for rapidly crystallized P3HT in presence of significant amount of diluent. Reflecting its dependence on growth kinetics, ФH decreased with increasing crystallization temperature, extended crystallization time or lower cooling rate. The presence of a diluent led to a “depression” of the melting temperature, described by Raoult’s law and the Flory equation, which was similar for P3HT samples crystallized in various ways. (more...)


Tuning the hydraulic resistance by swelling-induced buckling of membranes in high-aspect-ratio microfluidic devices

Claas-Hendrik Stamp, Binyam Solomon, Friederike Lang, Efstathios Mitropoulos and Thomas Pfohl.
Lab Chip 23 (2023) 3662-3670

stamp.jpgControlling fluid flow in microfluidic devices and adapting it to varying conditions by selectively regulating hydrodynamic properties is of critical importance, as the field of microfluidics faces increasingly complex challenges in its wide range of applications. One way to manipulate flows in microfluidic devices is to introduce elastic elements that can be actively or passively deformed. In this work, we developed a membrane-based microfluidic device that allows us to study the deformation of swollen thin membranes as a function of the volume fractions in binary mixtures – here isopropanol and water. (more...)

 

Liste der Veröffentlichungen

Depression of the Zero Growth Temperature by Counits Observed for s-Polypropylene in Light Attenuation Experiments
Ralf Delto, Werner Stille, Gert Strobl. Macromolecules 43, 1035-1040 (2010)
Conductance fluctuations in metal-nanoparticle-metal junctions
L. V. Govor, G. H. Bauer, G. Reiter, and J. Parisi. Phys. Rev. B 82, 155437 (2010)
Aging of thin polymer films cast from a near-theta solvent
Adam Raegen, Mithun Chowdhury, Christophe Calers, Alexander Schmatulla, Ullrich Steiner, and Günter Reiter. Phys. Rev. Letters 105, 227801 (2010)
Spreading of Liquids on Substrates
Günter Reiter. In Handbook of Adhesion Technology. Eds. Lucas Filipe Martins da Silva, Andreas Öchsner, Robert Adams. Springer 2011
Systematic Control of Nucleation Density in Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Thin Films
Edward J. W. Crossland, Khosrow Rahimi, Günter Reiter, Ullrich Steiner, and Sabine Ludwigs. Advanced Functional Materials 21, 518–524 (2011)
Possible origin of thickness-dependent deviations from bulk properties of thin polymer films
Günter Reiter, Simone Napolitano. Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics 48, 2544-2547 (2010)
Surface-induced breakout crystallization in cylinderforming P(I-b-EO) diblock copolymer thin films
C.M. Papadakis, C. Darko, Z. Di, K. Troll, E. Metwalli, A. Timmann, G. Reiter, and S. Förster. European Physical Journal E 34, 7 (2011)
Topographically induced self-deformation of the nuclei of cells: dependence on cell type and proposed mechanisms
Patricia M. Davidson, Olivia Fromigue, Pierre J. Marie, Vasif Hasirci, Günter Reiter, Karine Anselme. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Med. 21, 939-946 (2010)
Accelerating Dewetting on Deformable Substrates by Adding a Liquid Underlayer
Lin Xu, Günter Reiter, Tongfei Shi and Lijia An. Langmuir 26, 7270–7276 (2010)
高分子の物理―構造と物性を理解するために (単行本)
G.R. ストローブル (著), Gert R. Strobl (原著), 深尾 浩次 (翻訳), 宮地 英紀 (翻訳), 宮本 嘉久 (翻訳), 林 久夫 (翻訳). 出版社: シュプリンガー・フェアラーク東京 (1998/2010) ISBN 978-4431707950
Two Competing Crystallization Modes in a Smectogenic Polyester
Barbara Heck, Ernesto Perez and Gert Strobl. Macromolecules 43, 4172-4183 (2010)
Oriented crystallization of isotactic polystyrene in films prepared by friction transfer
K. Jradi, S. Bistac, M. Schmitt, G. Reiter. Polymer 50, 3724-3729 (2009)
Enhancing nucleation and controlling crystal orientation by rubbing/scratching the surface of a thin polymer film
K. Jradi, S. Bistac, M. Schmitt, A. Schmatulla, G. Reiter. Eur. Phys. J. E 29, 383-389 (2009)
Microstructured Surfaces Cause Severe but Non-Detrimental Deformation of the Cell Nucleus
Patricia M. Davidson, Hayriye Ozcelik, Vasif Hasirci, Guenter Reiter, Karine Anselme. Advanced Materials 21, 3586 (2009)
On the mechanics of rim instabilities in viscoelastic polymer thin films
S. Gabriele, S. Coppee, G. Reiter, P. Damman. Eur. Phys. J.-Special Topics 166, 55-61 (2009)
Crystallization in diblock copolymer thin films at different degrees of supercooling
C. Darko, I. Botiz, G. Reiter, D.W. Breiby, J.W. Andreasen, S. V. Roth, D.-M. Smilgies, E. Metwalli, C.M. Papadakis. Phys. Rev. E 79, 041802 (2009)
Branched substituents generate improved supramolecular ordering in physisorbed molecular assemblies
F. Vonau, M. Linares, B. Isare, D. Aubel, M. Habar, L. Bouteiller, G. Reiter, V. Geskin, F. Zerbetto, R. Lazzaroni, L. Simon. J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 4955-4959 (2009)
Polymer crystallization under nano-confinement of droplets studied by molecular simulations
Wenbing Hu, Tao Cai, Yu Ma, Jamie K. Hobbs, O. Farrance, Günter Reiter. Faraday Discussions 143, 129-141 (2009)
Cloning Polymer Single Crystals through Self-seeding
Jianjun Xu, Yu Ma, Wenbing Hu, Matthias Rehahn, and Günter Reiter. Nature Materials 8, 348-353 (2009)
Structuring the Surface of Crystallizable Polymers with an AFM Tip
Cvetlin Vasilev, Günter Reiter, Khalil Jradi, Sophie Bistac, Marjorie Schmitt. In: "Scanning Probe Microscopy in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology" Part 3, Ed. Bharat Bhushan, "NanoScience and Technology" Series, Springer 2010, ISBN 978-3-642-03534-0
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