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In situ dissolution and swelling of confined lamellar polymer crystals through exposure to humid air

Brahim Bessif, Thomas Pfohl, Barbara Heck, Yaser Alshetwi, Emna Khechine, Jun Xu, and Günter Reiter. Macromolecules 55, 6015–6022, 2022

2022-brahim.jpgInduced by exposure to humid air, we observed in-situ the temporal and spatial changes in thickness and morphology of sandwich-like polymer platelets of a block copolymer. These micron-size platelets consisted of a crystalline poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) lamella confined between two glassy poly(styrene) (PS) layers, formed via crystallization of a hydrophobic-hydrophilic PS-b-PEO diblock copolymer. We observed first the dissolution of the confined crystalline PEO layers characterized by sharp dissolution front propagating at a constant velocity as described by case II diffusion of a liquid into a solid. (mehr...)



Determining Entanglement Molar Mass of Glassy Polyphenylenes Using Mechanochromic Molecular Springs

Maximilian Raisch, Günter Reiter, Michael Sommer. ACS Macro Lett. 2022, 11, 760–765

2022-sommer.jpgMolecular force transduction in tough and glassy poly(meta,meta,para-phenylene) (PmmpP) was investigated as a function of Mn using covalently incorporated mechanochromic donor–acceptor torsional springs based on an ortho-substituted diphenyldiketopyrrolopyrrole (oDPP). Blending oDPP-PmmpP probe chains with long PmmpP matrix chains allowed us to investigate molar-mass-dependent mechanochromic properties for a series of specimens having mechanically identical properties.(mehr...)



The memory of thin polymer films generated by spin coating

Günter Reiter, Farzad Ramezani, Jörg Baschnagel. EPJE 45 (2022) 51

2022-farzad.jpgWe present results from isothermal and temperature-sweep creep experiments adapted to filaments which were derived from spin coated and subsequently crumpled thin polystyrene films. Due to the existence of residual stresses induced by preparation, the filaments showed significant shrinkage which we followed as a function of time at various temperatures. In addition, the influence of preparation conditions and subsequent annealing of supported thin polymer films on shrinkage and relaxation behavior was investigated. The temporal evolution of shrinkage revealed a sequence of relaxation regimes. (mehr...)



Primary nucleation in metastable solutions of poly(3-hexylthiophene)

Tianyu Wu, Sivasurender Chandran, Yao Zhang, Tianze Zheng, Thomas Pfohl, Jun Xu, Günter Reiter. Macromolecules 55 (2022) 3325–3334

2022-tianyu.jpgDue to its smallness and low probability of formation, the determination of the size of the critical primary nucleus represents a great challenge in polymer crystallization. We are still missing a feasible approach providing experimental access to primary nucleation. In this work, we investigated the dependence of the incubation time on the degree of supersaturation for a well-defined metastable regime of a prototypical conjugated polymer, i.e., poly(3-hexylthiophene). Based on Kashchiev’s nucleation theorem and verified by a simulation model for primary nucleation based on the kinetics of attaching and detaching crystalline units, we deduced the number of crystalline units within the critical nucleus  [mehr...]

 

Liste der Veröffentlichungen

Zum Mechanismus der Polymerkristallisation
G. R. Strobl, T. Engelke, H. Meier, G. Urban. Coll. Polym. Sci. 260, 394-403 (1982)
Pressure induced changes in the Raman spectra of liquid n-alkanes and perfluoro-n-alkanes
H. Schwickert, G. R. Strobl and R. Eckel. Coll. Polym. Sci. 260, 588-593 (1982)
Untersuchung der druckinduzierten Kristallisation von Polyäthylen mit Hilfe einer neuen Raman-Hochdruckzelle
R. Eckel, M. Buback und G. R. Strobl. Coll. Polym. Sci. 259, 326-334 (1981)
Model of Partial Crystallization and Melting Derived from Small-Angle X-Ray-Scattering and Electron-Microscopic Studies on Low-Density Polyethylene
G.R. Strobl, M.J. Schneider, I.G. Voigt-Martin. J. Polym. Sci. B - Polymer Physics 18, 1361-1381 (1980)
Direct Evaluation of the Electron Density Correlation Function of Partially Crystalline Polymers
G.R. Strobl, M. Schneider. J. Polym. Sci. B - Polymer Physics 18, 1343-1359 (1980)
Analysis of the Intensities of the Longitudinal Acoustic Vibtrations in n-Alkanes and Polyethylene
G.R. Strobl, R. Eckel. Coll. Polym. Sci. 258, 570-577 (1980)
Phase-Transitions in Crystals of Chain Molecules. Relation between Defect Structures and Molecular Motion in the four Modifications of n-C33H68
B. Ewen, G.R. Strobl, D. Richter. Faraday Discussions 69, 19-31 (1980)
Molecular Orientational Correlations and Local Order in n-Alkane Liquids
E.W. Fischer, G.R. Strobl, M. Dettenmaier, M. Stamm, N. Steidle. Faraday Discussions 68, 26-45 (1979)
Einige polymerspezifische Anwendungen der Schwingungsspektroskopie
G.R. Strobl. Coll. Polym. Sci. 257, 584-590 (1979)
Circular Fluorescence Polarization of Achiral Molecules in Cholesteric Liquid Crystals
H. Stegemeyer, W. Stille and P. Pollmann. Israel J. Chem. 18, 312 (1979)
Molekulare Deutung der Umwandlungswärmen bei den Modifikationsübergängen des n-Tritriacontans
G.R. Strobl. Coll. Polym. Sci. 256, 427-445 (1978)
Raman Spectroscopic Method for Determining Crystallinity of Polyethylene
G.R. Strobl, W. Hagedorn. J. Polym. Sci. Part B - Polymer Physics 16, 1181-1193 (1978)
Molecular-Motion, Thermal-Expansion, and the Phase-Transitions in Paraffins: A Model for Polymers
G.R. Strobl. J. Polym. Sci. Part C - Polymer Symposium 59, 121-142 (1977)
Die molekularen Grundlagen der anisotropen thermischen Ausdehnung von Paraffinen und Polyäthylen. Eine ramanspektroskopische Untersuchung am Beispiel des N-Tritriacontans
G.R. Strobl. Coll. Polym. Sci. 254, 170-189 (1976)
Packing of Paraffin Chains in 4 Stable Modifications of n-Tritriacontane
W. Piesczek, G.R. Strobl, K. Malzahn. Acta Cryst. B 30, 1278 (1974)
Defect Structure and Molecular-Motion in 4 Modifications of Normal-Tritriacontane. 2. Study of Molecular-Motion Using Infrared Spectroscopy and Wide-Line Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Measurements
B. Ewen, E.W. Fischer, W. Pieszek, G. Strobl. J. Chem. Phys. 61, 5265-5272 (1974)
Defect Structure and Molecular-Motion in 4 Modifications of Normal-Tritriacontane. 1. Study of Defect Structure in Lamellar Interfaces Using Small-Angle X-Ray-Scattering
G. Strobl, B. Ewen, E.W. Fischer, W. Piesczek. J. Chem. Phys. 61, 5257-5264 (1974)
An exactly solvable model for coherent and incoherent exciton motion
H. Haken and G. Strobl. Zeitschrift für Physik 262, 135-148 (1973)
Small-angle x-ray scattering experiments for investigating the validity of the two-phase model
G.R. Strobl, N. Müller. Journal of Polymer Science B - Polymer Physics 11, 1219-1233 (1973)
Determination of Lamellar Structure of Partially Crystalline Polymers by Direct Analysis of their Small-Angle X-Ray-Scattering Curves
G.R. Strobl. Journal of Applied Crystallography 6, 365-370 (1973)
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