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X-Ray-Scattering Study of Molecular Order in a Liquid Crystal-Side Group Polysiloxane

W. Hotz, G. Strobl. Colloid and Polymer Science 267, 889-898 (1989)

Abstract 

The molecular structure of a polysiloxane with phenyl benzoate mesogenic side groups was investigated in an X-ray scattering study in the partially crystalline, smectic and nematic phase, and in the melt. In the crystalline phase polymer molecules have the form of straight ribbons with a "double-comb"-conformation. A bilayer structure is built up by regular stacking. Layers are the dominating structure element not only in the crystalline and smectic phase, but also in the nematic phase, and even in the isotropic melt. Layers are planar in the smectic phase and curved in the nematic phase, with an asymmetric distribution of the normal vectors about the director. In the isotropic melt there is evidence for the occurrence of clusters with layer-like short-range order.

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